Fine art Printmaking

Fine Art Printmaking
Printmaking usually involves the transfer of an image from one surface to another. The different surfaces and the way that they are treated is what gives the various forms of printing its distinctive characteristic. Mixing up the mediums merely expands the vocabulary of possible marks.
In my work I favour the following methods and frequently use them ion combination;
Lino cut in which traditional linoleum or a synthetic vinyl substitute is cut using gouges. Ink is rolled onto the surface remaining after cutting and paper placed on top. This is then burnished or rubbed using a roller, a barren or a spoon and the inked image is transferred to the paper.
Complex images can be built up by using multiple plates.
Etching – a drawing is made on a metal,(usually copper), plate which has been given a protective coating. The act of drawing scratches through the coating and when the plate is immersed into the acid it corrodes the plate in the drawn lines only.
The coating is removed from the plate and ink is forced into the lines whilst the rest of the surface of the plate is wiped clean of excess ink.
The inked plate is passed through an etching press which forces damp paper into the recesses of the drawing picking up the pigment.
Collograph- a plate is constructed from various materials, (so long as they are flat enough to pass through the press without damaging the rollers or the blankets). The emphasis in making the plate is to gain an understanding of texture and tone of the many materials it is possible to incorporate.
The plate is sealed with varnish and when dry is inked up liberally to make sure all recesses are filled. The excess is wiped from the surface and the image is transferred using a press onto damp paper.
Digital Printing; images, which may be photographs or drawings are manipulated using the computer. A digital print has no original – i.e., it is not a copy of something already existing .